Small Business Consulting to any organization, public, private, education, non-profit
Professor David M. Boje, Ph.D.
College of Business
( 575-532-1693); E-Mail Address:
PART I: Contact info and Steps
Spring semester (when & where): 2:30 p.m. - 5:00 p.m. Tuesdays Gu 201
Course Numbers: Mgt 448/Mgt548/BA448
Course Title: Small Business Consulting
Credit Hours: 3
Instructor: David M. Boje, Ph.D.
Office Phone: 575-532-1693
Office Hours: Mon.. Noon- 2PM in Frenger Food Court or call for appointment
Teaching Assistant Doctoral Student, Rohny Saylors
E-Mail Address: firstname.lastname@example.org (575) 323-0183 Gutherie GU 300
Sustainability-Focused course: Ours is a sustainability-focused course. This means we encourage all our consulting projects to the university, business, non-profits, and government organizations to help create sustainability improvements. Faculty and Students in this course helped facilitate the NMSU Sustainability Council, Business Plan.
|Date||Reading Topics||Exam & Report & to do|
Course Model and what to know for Exam 1) See Exam 1 studyguide
CHOOSE PROJECT and get a client small business application filled out: Suggest doing crowdfunding for several of these CLICK HERE FOR PROJECT LISTING
Tai-Chi Quantum Exercise 2 - Quantum Energy Ball Rotation
Tai-Chi Quantum Exercise 3 - Large Quantum Energy Ball Rotation
Tai-Chi Quantum Exercise 4 - Eight Move Chi-Gong
Tai-Chi Quantum Exercise 6 - Upper-Middle & Lower Dantien Energy (Caradine YouTUbe demo)
Tai-Chi Quantum Exercise 7 - Pulling down Quantum Energy
Tai-Chi Quantum Exercise 8 - Palm over palm Lower Dantien Energy Ball Breath work
Tai-Chi Quntum Excercise 9 - Focus & relax (Caradine YouTube video)
Tai-Chi Quantum Exercise 10 - The Complete Form (Caradine YouTube).
Buy 160 to 200 page composition notebook and bring to next class for credit; Should have 5 to 12 pages of notes per interview with client. Need 5 interview/observation hours on site by midterm.
Buy tape recorder or record with cell phone the D-questions and your clients interview responses
This semester, recommend you consider finding getting crowd funding; Lucky Ant's Crowdfunding for Small Businesses; RocketHub.org - The Community for Creative Crowdfunding
Review completed small business applications;
Boje Metatheatre Exercise -
LEADING OTHERS -
This game is for classrooms with those lots of rows and an aisle up the center. This is a Forum Game in which spect-actors observe their use of position, expert, referent (attraction), reward, and punishment forms of power.
PART 1 of LEADING OTHERS GAME - Person sitting closest to the aisle in each row of classroom comes to the front of the room (the stage). Form one line at the front of the stage, facing the audience. Person # 1 at the left side of their line does a body rhythm and a rhythm sound that everyone else in the line, as they move down the line, must immediately imitate without hesitation and keep imitating until a new leader is in front of them. Person # 2 moves down the line and stands before each person getting them to adopt in turn their rhythm. When person # 1 gets to the end of the line, they take their original position (but keep doing their rhythm), and awaits each now person to instruct them in some new rhythm. Anyone who does not comply will experience a game of punishment, called the power line. Spectators and each person who is a leader in the game can decide this. A power line is when the punished line up and get into a single line according to their level of non-compliant non-compliance. The POWER LINE is an example of the hegemony or invisible pecking order in any given situation.
PART 2 of LEADING OTHERS GAME Entire class stands. Those refusing to stand or to be compliant in the exercise become candidates for a POWER LINE. The row leaders go back to their respective rows and stand nearest the aisle, in their position of power. The Director says, 'Back to your own rhythm and each row leader does the rhythm that was theirs on the stage. This time all row members immediately comply with the row leader and imitate exactly the body rhythm and the rhythmic sound. Anyone who stops becomes a NON- COMPLIANT and is moved to the front of the room to await punishment in a POWER LINE (could form as two or more accumulate on stage or at end of the LEADING OTHERS game). When all rows have their rhythm, Director says, Remember this rhythm.. This is your original rhythm, when later on I say, 'Back to your own rhythm\' At the command of the Director, the row leaders, facing their respective row (aisle of seats), moves one aisle to their right. As the row leader stands in position of power in front of the new aisle of students, those students must immediately imitate and keep imitating the rhythm presented to them (referent power plus position power and some expert power). Note: there is also reward and punishment power, in determining who is compliant and non-compliant (the in-group is compliant, the out-group becomes the non-compliant who will be punished).
QUESTIONS to Spect-actors- How was that? Reflect upon your strategies of power, and the tactics you saw in the game. What kinds of power and resistance did you see (objectively)? What kinds of (subjective) meaning did you imagine in this game of power?
Game Changer Exercise 1: Zip, Zap, Zop (source Mike Bonifer) Instructions: form a team in a circle. First person says Zip and makes a sort of dance move and points to any person in the group to go next. That person says Zap and makes a different dance move and points to the person to go next. That person says Zop and does their own move, and points to some other person who goes Zip. Start slowly, and if someone does it wrong, instead of stopping, the next person get it back on track. Variation, start slowly and get progressively faster, then go slower again.
Exam today on Exam 1 studyguide you may use your storytelling notebook in exam, but no books or other notes. You can drop one of the 7 quiz scores. Good idea to draw this 3 Axes course model in your notebook. See missed exam policy;
Savall et al (2008) chapters 1-4, virtue ethics, some field notes are used
Chapter 3 of Quantum Spiral Book on line
Boje Quantum Storytelling, read Ch 1 Introduction to Quantum Storytelling
Game Changer Exercise 2: Trading Places (source Mike Bonifer) Instructions: form a circle group.This is a silent, no talking exercise in non-verbal communication. The first person gets eye contact with some other group member. If that person nods in agreement, then shift your position in the group to stand behind them, and let them initiate eye contact with some other group member who upon a nod can indicate they are willing to trade place.
Exam today on Exam 2 studyguideand review notebooks for Should have 5 to 12 pages of notes per interview with client or as many typed trascript pages if you are taping.
Book II Virtues of Character
Chapter 4 of Quantum Spiral Book on line
Savall Chapter 5, more virtue ethics, and your field notes. Note: bring printout of your online entries of field notes and storytelling. Bring filled in example of Figure 5.1 p. 32 & 5.3 p. 35 (these can be put into mid-term report, so it is good training for that.
Boje Quantum Storytelling, read Ch 2 about up and downward spiral
Game Changer Exercise 3: Count down (source Mike Bonifer) Instructions: Form circle groups. This is a verbal exercise. Begin by counting down from 8 to as you shake your left arm 8 times Then the right arm 8 times, then the left leg 8 times, then shake the right leg 8 times. Now do 7 times, the 6 times each, on down to 1 time each limb.
MAGE AND COUNTER IMAGE THEATRE ?
This is part of Rainbow of Desire (Image Theatre). Half the class will tell a story of oppression to a partner who listens. It must be a story of oppression that still concerns the storytellers today. Must be some oppression you still worry about today. Half the class are protagonists (the storytellers or Pilots). The other half are the antagonists (the co-pilots who listen). The pilots tell their story of oppression to the co-pilot. Describe how you felt on one moment. Do not go into the history of it all. Just stay in one moment. Use Aristotle?s terms to describe the characters, the scene, purpose, theme, dialog, and actions (plot). What is the oppression?
The co-pilot (antagonist) can ask questions to clarify the images in the story. Your task is to get a very vivid image of the story being told to you and be able to picture the moment and its characters, and the oppression.
Pilot and co-pilot must keep their eyes closed. Eye contact is a distraction to the image and counter-image building process. It is not about paying attention to their body language. It is an internal image, built with eyes closed.
Once pilot tells vivid moment of their story of oppression and the co-pilot understands a vivid image of the story situation, then we go to part two.
Raise your hand when you have decided on a story of oppression you want to tell to another person. You will not tell the story to the entire class. Just to one other person. When you have a story come to the front of the class. Director keeps soliciting pilot-volunteers until half the class is at the front of the class, on stage. He calls out 1, 2, we need 33 more. Ok two more; we need 31 more storytellers. Keep going until half the class has their stories formulated. Once this happens, the pilots are told they can pick anyone in the audience to be their co-pilot. Pilot and co-pilot pairs go off to do the closed eye process of storytelling and listening. Everyone has closed eyes during the process.
PART TWO of IMAGE AND COUNTER-IMAGE - Put everyone back in their seats. What couple has a strong and vivid image? Both pilot and co-pilot have a strong image. What pair has this? Check to see if the volunteer pilot and co-pilot have a strong vivid image. They each form body sculptures of the story moment. They form two separate images. They can use chairs, tables, and pick bodies from the audience to be part of their model. Pick as many people as you need. They are to construct an image and counter image on the stage.
There is no talking. All instructions must be non-verbal. Simply model the part, and then have the person selected assume an imitative and frozen position in the scene. Express the story of oppression in the scene. Check the body-pose and facial expression of each selected actor. When both image and counter-image are constructed, the pilot and co-pilot take the protagonist character role in the scene. They become part of the moment depicted. Freeze both image and counter-image. No one moves at all.
QUESTIONS to Spectators What do you notice (objectively) in the image and counter-image? Be objective and describe what differences you see. What does this image remind you of at a subjective level of projection? Note: the pilot and co-pilot do not every tell the spectators the verbal story. It is not about verbalizing the story. This is not Forum Theatre; this is Rainbow of Desire, it is about the spectator's projected images.
PART THREE of IMAGE and COUNTER-IMAGE - The pilot and co-pilot will now get three wishes. Each wish is ten seconds. Pilot and co-pilot can modify their scenes, and rearrange character poses and expressions and postures and positions. Director says wish # 1 and they have ten seconds. Wish 2, and wish 3 follow. Turn the scene into what you desire. Compete your desire! It could be to punish. It could be to gain more power for yourself. It could be to exile someone. It could be to reconcile. It is up to pilot and co-pilot to carry out the Rainbow of Desire.
QUESTION TO SPECTATORS after WISH 1 - What did you notice in the images. How have they changes? What projections are you as spectators making on the image changes? What is the meaning that strikes you? Repeat discussion after wish 2 and Wish 3. Note: do not interrogate pilot or co-pilot or any actor about what they do. The actors just stay frozen in the image. The point is to describe the image and counter image that the antagonist and protagonist have built and note the differences and the spectator projections of meaning. What else do you see, says the Director after each observation by a spectator? Note: These are frozen poses. No taking by the actors. Project onto the image. We shall never know the story. The image is there to project upon, any desire we want. We project, we do not seek interpretations.
PART THREE(cont'd) of IMAGE AND COUNTER-IMAGE If appropriate grant 4th, 5th, and 6th wishes.
Exam today on Exam 3 studyguideand review notebooks for Should have 5 to 12 pages of notes per interview with client or as many typed trascript pages if you are taping.
Book III The Preconditions of Virtue
Chapter 5 of Quantum Spiral Book on line
Savall Chapter 6 and lectures; Chapter 6, Axis A - especially Mirror effect examples (bring Blackboard field note entries), include MIRROR EFFECT (p. 66), including chart on that page, verbatim quotes from fieldnotes, and your 3 Expert Opinions today. From Virtue Ethics, two examples of virtues your client has or lacks.
Boje Quantum Storytelling, read Ch 3 on Silverado and 3 Time tools
Boje Meta Theatre Exercise: Image Theatre - Story Sculpting Trios Exercise - Form trios. Repeat as above, but in trios. In this exercise two stay frozen, while the third unfreezes and forms a new relation.
Third Exercise: Image Theatre - McDonalds - Director picks spectators to be drive up window order taker, drivers of cars, customers lined up to place orders, order-taker, fry cook, meat cook, manager. This is silent theatre (no talking by characters). The director says animate, and the robotic humans perform the routinized customer, worker, & manager routines.
Game Changer Exercise 4: Three-Line Scenes (source Mike Bonifer) Instructions: Class forms two lines facing each other. FIrst two players take the stage . One initates by saying the first line of a scene, the WHO STATEMENT, such as "My client has the wrong idea about consultants." The second person giaves a WHAT STATEMENT, such as, "My client wants me to be a slave, and sweep out the shop after each interview." after which the imrprov continues as 1st person gives a WHERE statement, such as "And my client thinks by bringing me into the shop to do each interview, I am just going to keep up the sweeping. The scen has the 3 aspects: Who, What, and Where in-order-to eveolve. A new set of players take the stage and do another 3 line scene of WHo-What-Where., so that the conversation evolves a rhythm to carry on from scene to scene.
Exam 4 studyguide ; and review notebooks for Should have 5 to 12 pages of notes per interview with client or as many typed trascript pages if you are taping.
Book IV Generosity
Class will begin this day only at 4PM and last till 5PM. We will give you feedback on what you have done for mid-term report to date
Game Changer Exercise 5: Walking Your Emotion (source Mike Bonifer). InstructionsI: Form small circle groups, with enough space so players can walk in the circle when directed to do so. Person 1 picks out any emotion (sadness, joy, frustration, anger, panic, love, etc.) and directs any other person to do a walk, that expresses that emotion. The person after their walk, picks the next person and shouts out an emotion for them to walk. Process continues until everyone has had a turn.
Boje's Exercise in Metatheatre 1 Rules of the Theatre
First Exercise: Image Theatre - Story Sculpting Pairs Exercise - Pair off. No talking. No planning. Just improv (react). To begin, Director instructs Person A to shake hands with Person B. Both freeze into position. Person A unfreezes, walks around Person B, and imagines the next improv pose to make in relation to Person B; A strikes a pose in new relation to B. Next B is unfrozen, and walks around Person A; finds a new relationship that unfolds the improv-story. Continue until told to stop the story imrpov.
Discuss the exercise- how was it to tell a story without words? How was it to improvise the story? Were you able to improvise without planning ahead?
Please download the mid-term Report template 2013 in word format and make it into your own report.
NOTE: On March 2-3, 2013, there will be a symposium in Las Cruces that looks at new multidisciplinary research on New Mexico acequias in comparative, global context. The symposium pursues a holistic understanding of acequia irrigation in the upper Rio Grande Valley as made up of interactive, interdependent biophysical, economic, ecological, and sociocultural systems. It will bring together scholars whose perspectives on comparable social-ecological systems in other parts of the world can shed light on the particular and shared features of New Mexican acequias as well as on the challenges they face.
Chapter 6 Quantum Spiral Book on line
Power-Point is permitted only for photos and charts; not for lists of sentences. Each student is expected to share storytelling directly from their own personal 'storytelling notebook.' Teams: Submit 360 team mate review in sealed envelope. Deduction from grade if video or client is not present.
Boje Quantum Storytelling, read Ch 4 about Tamara-land
Midterm Report 7-12 minute presentations, please use IMAGE theatre to demo the key problem you are addressing & written report due; bring guest to presentation or do 5 minute video interview or phone hookup to class; complete first 12 of 23 steps of report.
Midterm review of notes in your notebooks or actual trascripts printed from tapings of each interview. Should have 5 to 12 pages of notes per interview with client. Need 5 hours by midterm.
Mid-term course evaluation
Receive results of Midterm Project and Presentation.
SCHOOL TEAM MID TERM PRESENTATION
Savall Chapter 7 and lectures, and more on virtue ethics; Chapter 7 of Quantum Spiral Book on line
Boje Quantum Storytelling, read Ch 6 Storytelling and Life-path choices
Boje Metatheatre Exercise - Invisibility Theatre - Introduce some kind of harrassment oppression - This is still silent theatre. E.G. The fry clerk (male or female) begins to harass the meat cook (male or femaie). This need not involve touching; looks, gestures, violations of personal space norms are enough.
Exam 5 studyguide; and review notebooks for Should have 5 to 12 pages of notes for interview with client or as many typed trascript pages if you are taping.
Axis B - be able to show examples of 3 tools you used with client. Bring IESAP (5 year goals, the internal actions, & the external ones), and Figure 7.1.a p. 96 PAP all filled in for your client. Plus Figure 7.4, Time allotment chart filled in for your client (and able to name types of tasks from memory). From Virtue Ethics, two examples of justice.
|26 Mar||no class SPRING BREAK|
Savall Chapter 8 Axis C, and more on ethics
Boje Quantum Storytelling, read Ch 7 SEAM Intervention and Storytelling Standpoint
Boje Metatheatre Exercise - Forum Theatre - Introduce games of oppression & power - Verbal dialog is now permitted (optional), but the action and meaning is carried by the annimated body images. The idea of a game of power is to set up a realistic oppression, and let spect-actors volunteer (or get selected) to try to resist and resolve the oppression. Several characters stay in their roles as oppressors (antagonists). Protagonists (volunteer spectators) after a bit of role modeling try out what they believe to be workable solution. The game rule is, you cannot revise the oppressors or exit them from the game by firing them or replacing them with passive personalities. The point is to let the volunteer work on their skills of resistance. If an oppressor's strategic power behavior is defeated, then the audience can define a new game to play.
|9 April||Work day - no class - get your final report ready||
Book VII Conditions Connected with Virtue & Vice.
|16 April||Work day - no class - meet with client - get your final report ready||Book VIII The Varieties of Friendship|
Work day - no class; meet with client - get your final report ready
Boje Quantum Storytelling, read 8 - Heart-sword of Care and Compassion
Yes, we meet on this last Class day; remember you get helf your participation grade from doing your online course evaluation.
Boje Quantum Storytelling, read ch 9 on Virtue Ethics; ch 12 on walking the spiral-antenarrative paths
Prepare spiral diagrams in class; make up for any missed exam; Exam 7 (see above 6 study guides for possible questions)- and review notebooks for Should have 5 to 12 pages of notes per interview with client or as many typed trascript pages if you are taping.
Make up for any of you missed Exams or to raise your Exam average; need 5 quiz scores (or best of 7). Book IX Disputes between Friends and Dissimilar Aims
Last date to complete make up work for missed days and missed exams; Book X Pleasure (& the theory of process & locomotion)
NOTE CLASS MEETS 3 PM to 5 PM for the FINAL: deduction from final grade for no client attending (or video). Submit 360 team review & Client Rating/Grading Sheet for Student's Report (both in sealed envelope).
Be sure to turn in your Savall book or bring $40 cash.
5 minute Final Report - value added presentation; final report is due; Final report Check list & be sure to complete all 23 steps of report (12 you did by midterm, and rest for today.
Should have 5 to 12 pages of notes per interview with client. Need 10 total hours by end of term.
Any clients out of Las Cruces, student can submit YouTube or video of 3 minute interview about project. Power-Point is permitted for pictures and images only. Please wear dress-for-success business attire
For final presentation discuss spiral-antenarrative with very well-annotated diagram of client reaching Potentiality-for-Being-a-whole small business with upward spiral twirls, without dysfunctions. thank you
To be a consultant, you simply follow the 23 steps in your report template.
PART II: 23 Steps and The Resources You Need to complete 23 consulting steps
Step 1 - Diagnostic (A-spiral: Diagnostic, Project Plan, Implementation, & Evaluation of Results) begins by you asking the 11 D-questions (spiral D) which you are to tape-record or video-record and then meticulously transcribe the verbatim answers in your Midterm and Final Report. You will also use the Axis B tool (PNAC) to negotiate your consulting contract for three 'A-spiral' Projects each with three D-P-I-E cycles (Diagnostic, Project, Implementation, Evaluation). As part of diagnositic, see about getting crowd funding; Lucky Ant's Crowdfunding for Small Businesses; RocketHub.org - The Community for Creative Crowdfunding
Draw a Q-(double) Spiral of the consulting process you enfold with your client.
Step 2 - Time tool (B-spiral). What is 'time?' If you answered 'clocktime or calendar time' then you don't really know too much about what time is all about. Most people assume time runs past"³present"³future. You asked the 'Duration' question. Now listen to the answer. Time is NOT some sort of straight line. Or that time runs in repeating cycles. The spiral of time involves you and the cleint, enfolds you in what Aristotle calls fourfold causality. You have some formal cause in mind of potential that you chisel, you are the consultant-sculptor (efficient casue).There is a material cause of things you change and do. Then the final cause, if doing the changes in-order-to (the telos).
Step 3 - Direction (C-spiral) which is also the 1st D-question (Directionality in D-Spiral). It connects your formal, efficient, and material causes via telos to final cause. Telos is defined as the end of a goal-oriented strategic process. Keep in mind your consulting focus: to help your client move out of many dysfunctions (hidden cost excesses & deficiencies) and poor root-stems (not making revenues), and using the savings and income potential, construct step-by-step an Updraft-Spiral. Put simply, you turn potentiality you sculpt by your conversations with the client, into actuality. You make it so with your client! This means sorting out direction in the C-spiral, asking about strategic choice-points, when at the cross-roads (decisions), which way will be the client turning? Ask about the directionality, not from the past to present, but from the future. Datability is the datable moments as you move to connect your fourfold causes together, doing your diagnositic, having a Mirror-Effect meeting to give your consultant recommendations for the first loop in the upward spiralness (bring aoubt upsurge value added). Duration is how long particular processes have been unfolding in the client's organizaition, so you get some sense of the the future disclosing itself in processes arriving into the present. Destining is not fate. Destining means foretelling that several future paths are better 'bets' (antes) than others, then fore-structuring what you fore-conceive as 'befores' (antes) by acts of consultant and client fore-caring what is coming into existence by your fourfold causal change actions. The in-order-to deployment is all four causes to bring telos (charting the future, making it happen, foretelling how it unfolds). Dwelling is an easy question to ask, what is your place in New Mexico in this sort of organization? De-severance is bringing something far close at hand, bringing something future or past into presentness, bringing idea into existence materially. Drafts are forces that as in glider planes, lift the enterprise upwards, or let it glide on downwards. Draft forces are moving the spiral path upward or downward. Dispersion is about accumulation of processes over time, so you have many tools to do things, many technologies, many processes. Detatching is being innovative instead of copying others.
The other steps are found in a chapter in Quantum Spiral Book on line
Table – 11 D’s of Quantum Storytelling
Q to ask your client (and to record on tape or film)
1. What is the directionality of the business processes; to what future are they headed?
2. What is the datability of the business process developments?
3. What is the duration of various business processes?
4. What is the disclosability of the future business processes revealed to you?
5. What is the destining of the processes unfolding in ways you can foretell? Follow up, in fore-caring, fore-structuring, fore-having, fore-conceiving.
6. What is the deployment of business processes, in-order-to, for-the-sake-of?
7. What is the dwelling, in-place in the world of business
8. What is the de-severance (de-distancing) of space-time-mattering?
9. What are the drafts, updraft, and downdraft, into tighter (down) orbits, or into more open outer orbits (up), and the turning points from one draft to another?
10. What is the dispersion of processes, too diverse, or consolidating them?
11. What is the detaching from being drawn into ‘they-ness,’ they-relations, they-self and finding a path of ownmost authentic potentiality-for-Being-a-whole-Self?
Resource 1: Class model. Print and record this consulting model called 'Quadruple Spiral with 4-Leaf Clover' in your Storytelling Notebook
Resource 2: Books
- STORYTELLING NOTEBOOK: A composition (100 sheet) "composition book" (9.75 by 7.5 in) [no spirals or loose leaf]. This is hereafter referred to as your 'storytelling notebook.' Write lecture notes, fieldnotes (must have average of 5-12 pages of fieldnotes for each interview hour in the field, & total of 10 hours time in field by end of term), and especially write storytelling by you and your client, employees, customers, vendors, and so forth in that 'storytelling notebook.' For next class, be sure to transfer any notes from the introduction lectures to your 'storytelling notebook.' Note: you may not paste copies of book pages into the notebook as the point is to learn the material. Tips on Storytelling Notebook writing.
- Savall, Henri, Zardet, Veronique, & Bonnet, Marc. (2008). Releasing the Untapped Potential of Enterprises Through Socio-Economic Management. ISBN 978-2-917078-12-9 2nd Revised edition, 2008. London: International Labor Organization and Socio Economic Institute of Firms and Organizations. A copy is available for sign out. You can have loan of the book for the semester. The book is to be returned by final exam date, or a hold will be placed on your records, or in some cases an incomplete will result. If the book is lost, you are responsible for $40 replacement fee. Note: your grade will be held up if you do not return the book or pay the fee, your choice.
- Boje, David M. (2011). Quantum Storytelling. Free Online text for teaching the relationship of storytelling to small business consulting, with tie ins to to virtue ethics. You can download and print the PDF.
- Boje, David M. (2012) Quantum Spiral Book Free book online
- Nicomachean Ethics (aka Virtue Ethics). By Aristotle. (Written 350 B.C.E.). Translated by W. D. Ross. Book is fare on lone. On line version http://classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/nicomachaen.html or use 456k text-only version is available for download. Virtue ethics is essential to your own consulting practices, and to coaching clients in their ethical practices. For example, the main virtue is happiness, valued more than the accumulation of money, rewards, or pleasures of consumption).
Book I The Highest Good: Happiness
Book II Virtues of Character
Book III The Preconditions of Virtue
Book IV Generosity
Book V Justice
Book VI Virtues of Thought
Book VII Conditions Connected with Virtue & Vice.
Book VIII The Varieties of Friendship
Book IX Disputes between Friends and Dissimilar Aims
Book X Pleasure (& the theory of process & locomotion)
Here is a quick-and-easy set of virtue ethics, so that you may discuss them and observe them in your consulting.
- Bravery is the mean between fear (deficiency: cowardice) and rash (excess: over-confidence).
- Temperance is the mean between insensible (deficiency: under-nourished, thirst, not investing in upkeep) and intemperance (excess: eating, drinking, wastefulness).
- Generosity is the mean between stingy/selfish (deficiency: low giving & taking for self only) and wasteful (excess: too much giving away & taking-greed).
- Magnificence is the mean between not claiming honor (deficiency: door mat does not stand in their honor that is due them) and honor-lover (excess: ostentatious, vulgarity).
- Magnanimity is the mean between pusillanimity (deficiency: does not think themselves worthy of good things) and vain (excess: pretender to what they did not earn or merit).
- Mildness in anger is the mean (right amount, time, place, etc) between irascibility (not angry at right things ought to be angry at) and over-aggression (excess: quarrelsome in aggressive-anger at wrong people at wrong time in wrong way).
- Truthful is mean between self-depreciation (deficient: tears self down), and boastfulness (excess: tells you more than you care to know).
- Wit is mean between buffoonery (deficiency: witless) and boorish (excess: gilds it, over does it) in conversation and storytelling.
- Friendship (comes in many types). The mean between no friends of any sort (deficiency: friendless) and It is the mean (unconditionally friendly to good people; pleasant-friendly in itself) is between ingratiating (making friends just to use them [reciprocating their goodwill], to get something [for utility or expediency]) or to slander (to take away something) --- AND --- too friendly (deficient: flatterer to more powerful people, loving only if they have worth/wealth, taking more than their fair/just return in the friendship) (Book 8, Chaps 2-10).
- Distributive justice is proportionate a mean between not giving equal shares (deficient: in distribution of rewards) in proportion to to their contribution (excess: some getting more than they deserve or paid for).
- Justice in rectification looks at differences (differentia) in finding the mean (restoring the situation to its former balance by repaying loss to victim), in the harm and suffering (deficient: victims not restored, not properly compensated, and perps not punished as they should be or perps profits kept by them) and taking too much (restoring more to victims by taking too much, subtracting too much from the perp).
- Justice in exchange is proportionate reciprocity of need-for-need. If small business 'A' constructs houses, and small business 'B' makes shoes, then there needs to be proportionate equality in their bartering or monetary currency exchange (achieve commensurability); neither deficiency (robbing) or excess (greed) for either party.
- Political justice is the mean between doing injustice and suffering injustice for create of the common good (nobody is totally happy with the result). Deficiency (poor get poorer) and Excess (fat cats get fatter, and pork barrels more porky).
- Justice in action is the mean in a small business decision between an award that is too little (low quality, low productivity, bad service), and an award that is too much (consumer greed, theft, braggart, etc). Justice (and all the virtues) are dependent on being voluntary (not forced by a tyrant, not being a slave) the "actions are in the agent's power" (Book 5, Chap 8).
Resource 3. Your Exam Study Guides
- Exam 1 studyguide
- Exam 2 studyguide
- Exam 3 studyguide
- Exam 4 studyguide
- Exam 5 studyguide
- Exam 6 studyguide
- Exam 7 (make up) - note you need to complete 5 of 7 exams or take more and drop lowest score(s).
Resource 4: Your Major Client Tools
- Buy tape recorder or record with cell phone (record answers to 11 D-questions in Boje's YouTube film on blacksmithing small businesses.
- Put this on your computer and edit:
- Print out your Mid-term report Check List (what you need to get done in Report by mid-term).
- Print out your Final report Check list (what you need to get done by end of term).
- Print out SMALL BUSINESS APPLICATION (keep copy for your report)
- Print Confidentiality Agreement (you sign it and give to client, put copy in your report)
- Print Client Rating/Grading Sheet for Student's Report (give to client to grade your report; include in sealed envelop with report)
Resource 5: Learn 4 Phases of your project and Do the 23 Steps to Consulting
- Phase I: Diagnosis (Hidden Costs/Hidden Revenue charts); submit mid-term report - see Mid-term Check List
- Phase II do the Mirror Effect meeting (show client excerpts of fieldnotes, hidden costs and revenue calculations, make your expert consultant recommendations)
- Phase III (Project) - carry out your proposed Project
- Phase IV (Final Report) - present and turn in your final report - see Final report Check list
- Please study the 23 Steps to doing your mid-term and final report Small Business Consulting found in Quantum Spiral Book on line
Resource 6. OK you are ready for the 3 most important tools
- 4-leaf clover - diagnostic model - know this for quiz 1
- A - B- C - D - Axes course model and visual outline of your report and this course - know this for quiz 1
- Draw in the 4,leaf, the A-B-C-D spiral axes (drawing and writing helps you memorize and learn them). And draw in a Q-Spiral (which is the entire point of the course).
Resource 7. Some Extra material when needed
- Read Short article on Metatheatre and SEAM. by Boje & Rosile.
- Bookmark -
- Read on line power point introduction to 448/548 course: click here for day one slides; click here for additional slides
- SEAM Intro and overview (Study Guide with all six SEAM figures explained)
- Business Writing Resources to help you write your report
- Presentation Resources to help you present professionally
- Bookmark - sustainability at NMSU, Faculty Senate Memorial; and NMSU Sustainability Council, Business Plan.
- Read the sustainability Talloires Declaration
PART V. COURSE DESCRIPTION
We will learn Intervention Research (aka Socio-Economic Approach to Management, SEAM). http://web.nmsu.edu/%7Edboje/TDseam.html
Intervention Research using SEAM (Socio Economic Approach to Management, SEAM) means getting into to the field, collecting observations, making verbatim notes from interviews, doing co-designed interventions with clients that add value to the small business.
Service Learning Project: Each year small business consulting teams bring ethical virtue of happiness to clients with free-to-the-public service learning /civic engagement projects with different sectors of the small business economy: restaurants, wellness, hotels, and so forth. This year's focus is sustainability at NMSU and in each small business. Please include a section on sustainability in your report. Power (utility) bill $750,000 for month at NMSU for August 2010
Green paper ordering - recycled paper option
200 classes at NMSU have sustainability in them
PART VI. OBJECTIVES
VII. COURSE OBJECTIVES
The primary objective of this course is to conduct 'intervention research' in a small business that makes a value-added difference in lowering costs and enhancing revenue potent ion. The primary skill focus will be on your field notes kept as an online blog, then analysed in the Mirror Effect section for final term paper. Field notes are ‘direct observations’, ‘interview transcripts’, ‘content analysis of documents’, and ‘diary entries of your reflexivity.’ This will be supported by a series of conversation starters about our primary text: Releasing the Untapped Potential of Enterprises Through Socio-Economic Management.
For All Students: Develop & demonstrate this ability by these metrics:
- Develop an appreciation for Principle-Based and Virtue Ethics in small business consulting.
- Read, understand & analyze actual experiential field case in small business consulting
- Investigate & describe a business situation using socioeconomic tools such as priority action plans, time management, etc.
- Develop interpersonal skills in oral and written presentation, and cooperative behavior with consulting clients.
- Design meaningful recommendations to problems and feedback to client using Mirror Effect Diagnosis (See Axis A)
- Design a useful implementation plan for integrating recommendations into an ongoing business & for controlling the integration & impact of those recommendations (The Implementation)
- Perform research of current literature with regard to small business
- Study the dynamics of the environment, its history, and develop antenarratives of the future as context to work with client organization.
- Listen, analyze, question the storytelling using storytelling standpoint methodology, analysis of costs, and untapped revenue potential, & recommend business objectives, strategies, policies & procedures
- Understand about getting crowd funding; Lucky Ant's Crowdfunding for Small Businesses; RocketHub.org - The Community for Creative Crowdfunding
MBA GOALS (Mgt 548 students)
1. Demonstrate well-developed oral and written communication skills (measured in report & presentations)
2. Demonstrate well-developed critical thinking skills (measured in use of antenarrative, root cause, and intervention)
3. Demonstrate proficiency in quantitative analysis (measured in indicators logged into notebook field notes & report)
4. Demonstrate well-developed interpersonal skills (measured by behavior with clients)
5. Demonstrate proficiency in dealing with ethical and legal issues in business (measured in Axis C - ethical behaviors analysis & in answerability for conduct in consultation).
6. Demonstrate the sustainability improvements achieved in the small business you consult - use the SEAM tools and 3 axes for this.
PART VII. EVALUATION CRITERIA
1) Clarity of Description in Axis A, B & C in reports and quizzes- Is the organizational storytelling (narrative, living stories, & antenarrative) you do to consult with your client clear Project solution to their dysfunctions (Axis A)? Is all (and only) the relevant qualimetric data presented in Mirror Effect? Have several Socioeconomic Tools (Axis B) been applied? Are the implications of the Intervention developed for the industry (Axis C)?
2) Breadth & Depth of Reflections- Are all viewpoints in the organization presented in a plausible manner? (Is there a Mirror Effect that has field quotes in it from various stakeholders: owner, manager, employees, customers, expert student consultant opinion?) Are all important terms understood for their various meanings? What are the biases you see operating in the structures & behaviors of the organization? This is measured by assessment of your fieldnotes (or transcriptions) of interviews done in the field with your client (10 hours are required with an average of 5 to 12 pages of notes per hour of field time).
3) Concise & Sound Reasoning- Does your central argument address all of the important issues raised in your description & reflections based in your field notes in Notebook, as entered into Blackboard? Do you incorporate all of the various perspectives with sound reasoning (can you listen to clients)?
4) Powerful, Interesting & Useful Implications- Are the conclusions based on the preceding argument? Was the central argument powerful, i.e. did it offer leverage for understanding and action? What value-added (lowering costs, raising revenues) happened from the intervention research?
PART VIII. GRADING, LATE WORK, AND ATTENDANCE POLICIES
A. Grading Policy
94 – 100
90 – 93
86 – 89
83 – 85
80 – 82
0 – 79
- 30% of Quiz scores (drop lowest of 6 quiz grades)
- 50% Mid-term and Final Report & Presentation (Note: low score on mid-term can be replaced by higher score on final report. Note: If you work in team, this grade weighted by peer evaluation. Note: Evaluation of report is done by clients,instructors, and by peer review of presentations). Policy: no grade higher than C if you do not have an average of at least 5 to 10 pages written in your field notebook, or same number of single-spaced pages of transcript for total of 10 interview hours by end of term.
- 20% Active Intelligent Participation in Class, with well prepared- comprehensive Storytelling Notebook achieved. Half of your participation score is form actually doing online course evlaution. Your instructor gets a list of who filled out the course evaluation, but does not receive actual results until after the end of term, and never receives names of who gave whatever scores and comments. Thank you for doing the online course evalution.
B. Late Work Policy
- Work that is submitted 1 –7 calendar days AFTER its due date will be graded down 10%
- Work that is submitted 8 - 14 calendar days AFTER its due date will be graded down 20%
- No work will be accepted more than 14 days past its due date unless prior approval of the instructor has been obtained. Otherwise the student will receive a zero for the assignment.
- Final course projects and end-of-term papers must be turned in no later than final exam day of class UNLESS an "Incomplete" grade has been arranged in advance of the final course date
- Incomplete grades must be completed within 2 months following the end of the term
C. Attendance Policy
- Required class attendance days are indicated in course schedule schedule.
- You must contact the Instructor if you miss any scheduled class or your Team’s appointment with instructor or Client for consultation, for any reason. Individuals missing a scheduled class (for whatever reason: sick, job, sports, sleeping, wedding, etc.) owe a 2-page single spaced makeup assignment based on assigned book in schedule for day you missed.
- Make-Up for Missed Exam - There are six scheduled quizzes. If you miss one drop that score. If you take all six, then drop the lowest score. If you have a written excused absence from doctor or from sports Athletics Office for missing an exam, and have already dropped one exam score (or missed it), then you can have a quiz make up covering material taken form entire course, on last class day.
- Make-Up Work for Missed Class: 2 pages (single spaced) based on any appendix worksheet in the Savall et al textbook. Final grade is reduced by half a letter grade in the course for each missed hour. Make-up work is due the week following a missed day. When Can Make-Up Work for All Types of Absences Be Submitted:
- Work that is submitted 1 –7 calendar days AFTER its due date will be graded down 10%
- Work that is submitted 8 - 14 calendar days AFTER its due date will be graded down 20%
- No work will be accepted more than 14 days past its due date unless prior approval of the instructor has been obtained. Otherwise the student will receive a zero for the assignment
- Required client attendance is 10 hours total time during the semester. Policy: no grade higher than C if you do not have an average of at least 5 pages written in your field notebook, or same number of single-spaced pages of transcript for total of 10 interview hourse by end of term. We recommend 10 one hour field visits. There is no make-up for not doing 10 field visit hours or not taking verbaim field notes (or doing the transcription). Final grade is reduced by half a letter grade in the course for each day without a make-up.
PART IX. GENERAL COURSE POLICIES
- All assignments are to be typed in accordance with APA Guidelines and are due as shown in the class schedule at the end of this syllabus. Please single space reports, use 2-sided printing.
- Substandard and late work as well as unprepared students will have a negative impact on the classroom exchange of ideas and will be downgraded accordingly.
- Although adjustments to the course schedule and syllabus are uncommon, it is the student’s responsibility to keep abreast of all changes and to adapt accordingly. Therefore check Syllabus on line weekly: http://business.nmsu.edu/~dboje/448/448template.htm
- Any student’s with special needs or simply special requests should notify the instructor at their earliest convenience so that accommodations may be made on quizzes.
- Please provide feedback to the instructor on a regular basis to improve the learning environment and your experience in the class. Thank you.
- Please report immediately to the Instructor, any and all instances of unprofessional conduct, team member not doing their fair share of the workload, and any instance of cheating, plagiarism, and/or any sort of student on student harassment. email@example.com
A. PLAGARISM POLICY
NMSU’s policy on plagiarism: http://lib.nmsu.edu/plagiarism/ .This appears to be a growing problem. It is fairly easy to Google excerpts from papers and assignments to check for plagiarism. If you find any cases, refer to the Academic Misconduct pages in the undergraduate (p. 21) or graduate (p.15) catalog. Thank you for your assistance on this matter. All students are expected to conform to the accepted standards of academic honesty. Any clear violations of these standards, such as cheating, violating copyright laws, or plagiarism are handled promptly, firmly, privately, and fairly by the Professor and may result in sanctions up to and including, receiving an “F” for the course, and dismissal from the University. If you observe cheating or plagiarism, please report it to your Professor, who will promptly notify the University (Dean, Chair, or appropriate academic official) of the discovery of the incident.
Course Policy on doing Your Own Work: Anyone who plagiarizes part of their reports or enters bogus data into field-notebook for non-interviews and observations, will be given a “F” for the entire course. Please reference others' work, "put other people's work in quotation marks" and give full citation. An "F" will also be given for anyone who falsifies attendance sheets or for team members who fain to get by on others' work (including members who collaborate in the deception). Each student is responsible for understanding what is plagiarism. Please consult on line Student Policy on plagiarism. http://lib.nmsu.edu/instruction/plagiarismforstudents.htm
The New International Dictionary of the English Language, (Funk & Wagnalls, c2000, p. 965) defines plagiarize as “to appropriate and pass off as one’s own (the writings, ideas, etc., of another)”.
- Submitting another person’s work as one’s own;
- Submitting work from any source that is not properly acknowledged by footnote, bibliography, or reference within a paper;
- Submitting work pieced together from phrases and/or sentences from various sources without acknowledgment;
- Submitting work with another person’s phrase(s) rearranged without acknowledgement;
- Submitting work that uses any phrase, sentence, or stylistic mannerism without acknowledgment;
- Omitting quotation marks from any directly quoted material;
- Failure to use three dots (…) to indicate omission of one or more words;
- Any other actions deemed to be plagiarism by the faculty.
B. PROFESSIONALISM POLICY: Professionalism will be determined by classroom and team behavior. Professionalism will include such variables as attendance, participation, teamwork, attitude, ethics, etc. Attendance is required and will be taken at every class meeting (more than 2 absences will be considered excessive). You are expected to participate in classroom discussion and group work activities. Please turn off your cell phone during class.
C. CELL PHONE & LAPTOP POLICY: Turn off cell phones and pagers during class time (each violation lowers your grade by one unit). Do not accept or place calls or text message during class time (no exceptions). Cell phones will be confiscated and can be retrieved from the Dean's office, the following class day. Use of computers for note-taking is permissible, but surfing or work on other classes during our class time is not allowable. 1st offense implies that you are volunteering in Boje’s improv theatre training or a warning; repeated offense will lower one letter grade.
Use of cell phones, excessive absences or tardiness, sleeping, reading newspapers, failing to participate, whispering in class, and doing assignments for other classes are just some examples of behaviors that would cause you to lose your professionalism points. Turning in false reports on attendance to class sign-in sheets, or claiming attendance falsely in client interviews or consulting events is defined here as academic misconduct. Cheating or plagiarism are also defined as academic misconduct and will result in loss of all professionalism points and failure grade for the written work of the course.
Consult your Student Handbook
D. TEAM POLICY: We recommend you work alone. Teams is an option, and not required or recommended. Teams not working collaboratively will be asked to split up. If you choose to work in a team, then you are responsible for your own work. You are responsible as a team to maintain a healthy team atmosphere free of harassment, free of unprofessional conduct. All team members are accountable to immediately report harassment, unprofessionalism, or a member shirking responsibility for collaborative work to your Instructor. Each team will do a 360 peer review. Those peer reviews will weight the final grade, and can lower individual member's grades. The client also does a final assessment of your project, which weights the final grade. if you have a problem team member, the team may elect to fire them. The fired team member will do their own independent project. Please fire early, to leave individual sufficient time to move along in their growth and development, in doing an individual project.
FINAL 360 TEAM PEER RATING - your final grade is weighting of the 360 team review times your final report score
Your name _______________________ Your Client ___________________ Date _________
Final Grade for you and each team member below; comments are required if scoring less than A; please be honest. Your name will not be used when instructor relays comments to each team member
PICK ONE GRADE: A+ A A- B+ B B- C+ C C- D+ D D- F+ F F-
Comments about your work input, hours of study, contribution to team or any deficiencies in work input, hours of study, lack of attendance to meetings with team, class or client; comments are required if their grade differs from you own, or you get grade they assigned to you.
Do this for each team member and submit it to Instructor in sealed envelope at Mid-Term and Final meeting.
E. Disabilities/Employee Relations Policy: Call the Director of Institutional Equity at 575.646.3635 with any questions you may have about NMSU's Non-Discrimination Policy & complaints of discrimination, including sexual harassment. Call the Coordinator of Services for Students with Disabilities at 575.646.6840 regarding student issues related to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and/or Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. All medical information will be treated confidentially.
The Center for Sustainability Research (CSR) will be a first-of-its-kind sustainable structure, built mostly of recycled and natural materials, within an area of the Las Cruces campus designated for sustainability research. The architectural style of the building will blend in with the surrounding buildings and is intended to prove that sustainable buildings can fit into previously developed areas.
The initial structure could serve two purposes, housing the Office of Sustainability and it could contain living space for 2-4 FTE students where each spring, an essay contest can be held by the Sustainability Council to decide which contestants will be selected to live in the CSR for the following semester. Criteria for the essay contest would be developed and adopted by the Council. Since this will be the Center for Sustainability Research, the intent is for research to be performed in, around and on the systems and structure itself, to refine methods of sustainable operation and construction. The Sustainability Council would help in developing cross-disciplinary research initiatives where a spirit of cooperation would exist at all times. After all, sustainability is nothing more than organisms working together towards common goals and initiatives that complement each other.
International programs could play an integral part in the CSR by exposing our international students to new methods of sustainable building and living and they might even be able to teach us a thing or two about sustainability. The hope is that these students take what they learn here, back to their home countries. This not only helps spread the word on how NMSU is being, teaching and living sustainably but will have a direct global impact on providing basic human needs by sustainable methods. Through research at the CSR, increasing the availability of clean, potable water, nutritious food and economical, energy efficient housing built from readily available natural and recycled materials could be a byproduct of our efforts.
Providing nutritious food and water for ourselves and our families is essential to our continued existence. In order to flourish and not just survive we need a sustainable method to provide nutritious food. The CSR will be complete with both indoor and outdoor wetland planters where edible landscaping will be planted and grown. This important system will provide research opportunities to discover better and more productive methods of urban farming, food preservation and nutrition.
Grey water is defined as waste water from sinks, lavatories and showers or tubs. The CSR will collect and utilize a grey water system to maximize the efficient use of water within the structure and be used to feed and water the edible landscaping. The grey water system consists of a sealed, lined basin filled with large aggregate on the bottom and smaller aggregate closer to the top with garden soil as the top layer. Weirs made from peat moss bales are placed every 10-12’ inside the basin allowing the water to slowly move through the system. The water is “scrubbed” as it moves through the aggregate and the crystal clear water is collected in a grey water sump at the end of the basin where in CAN be used to fill flush type toilets. In our case, the water can simply be used to water plants that are direct buried in the soil surrounding the structure. Drink-wash-water plants-give back to earth equals 4 different uses for the same water! Not only are we using as much water as we need but when we are finished with it we are giving it back to the ground in a very clean condition, recharging our underground aquifers.
Heating & Cooling
Heating will be provided by the passive solar effect, utilizing solar gain through windows’ southern exposure to the low winter sun. Heat will be stored in the insulated thermal mass berm along the west, north and east sides of the structure, utilizing the natural convection effect of heat transfer through mass. In the event the space temperature is outside of the comfort zone, hot water can be circulated through a radiant in-floor heating system. Due to the efficiency of the envelope of the structure, a small amount of heat is all that is required to raise the temperature of the space.
Cooling will be provided by reversing the natural convection process by allowing fresh, cool air from the north side of the building to move into the space through the thermal mass berm and across the floor with warmer air collecting and being evacuated through operable skylights. Deciduous trees will be planted along the south side of the building, shading in summer and allowing the low winter sun to penetrate the south glazing for solar gain. Indoor landscaping will be allowed to grow tall in the summer to filter out sunlight. In the winter months, the plants will be kept shorter to allow the sunlight to pass through into the space.
The world’s water tables have steadily dropped over the past 100 years and desertification has spread unchecked across what was once productive farmland. We cover the surface of the earth with materials such as concrete and petroleum based asphalt that do not allow for drainage, cutting off the ability for the ground to absorb storm water runoff. Meager attempts have been made to address this growing problem with the addition of storm water retention ponding into the landscapes of newer residential subdivisions and commercial zones. What is not understood clearly is the fact that in order to keep the retention ponds working properly, one must periodically dredge out the silt in the bottom or any water entering the pond will stand (not soak in) and will become habitat for mosquitos. In addition to not putting water back into the earth, we must stop sucking the earth dry through water wells and start utilizing the purified water that falls from the sky, even in a desert climate. Research has shown that as little as 6” of annual precipitation can support a family of four (4) when used in an efficient manner. By harvesting rainwater for our water needs, using this precious resource as efficiently as possible and giving it back to the earth when we are finished, we can return some of the parched areas of our earth to productive green space.
The CSR will harvest rainwater, storing it in enclosed cisterns for the occupant’s use. The water will be sanitized for consumption using first an activated carbon filter followed by two (2) levels of antimicrobial filtration but no chlorine or fluoride! With the cisterns being located just above the finished floor, enough NPSH (net positive suction head) for a small DC (direct current) pressure building pump will be present to supply the structure with ample water volume and pressure.
Power and Light
Electric power will be generated from solar and wind, with storage in batteries for around-the-clock use. To reduce power requirements, LED lighting and energy efficient equipment will be used throughout the structure. Research opportunities abound in this area.
Built from natural and recycled materials, the construction of the CSR will be an incubator for developing and resurrecting sustainable building practices. The people of the world have built homes from earth for centuries with some of these structures still in use today. Part of sustainability is remembering where we came from and reconnecting with the lessons our ancestors learned thousands of years ago. Some examples of natural building materials are rammed earth, adobe, rammed-brick and straw-bale. A few examples of recycled building materials include shipping containers, used tires, glass bottles, plastic water bottles and aluminum cans. These recyclable materials present a low-to-no cost option for building and in some cases an overabundance exists, adding to our landfills. These materials have been used in home construction since the 1960’s and have been determined to be safe to use. In other words, no off-gassing has been detected to date in structures containing tires, cans and bottles that were built over 20 years ago. That is not true in regard to normally accepted building materials such as treated lumber and laminates (plywood) that are chemically treated with substances that are toxic to humans and animals.
There are literally millions of used tires available, when packed with earth, to be used as high-density, ~300 pound building blocks. By systematically reducing the tire size (diameter) as the wall is built, the wall is automatically buttressed and can be as long as needed without any additional vertical support. This especially holds true when earth is compacted against the outside of the wall. A solid, reinforced concrete bond-beam will be used to finish off the structural integrity of the walls.
Vapor barrier and foam board insulation is installed on top and against the outside of the berm to form the thermal mass used in heating and cooling the interior space. The structure’s envelope must be as air-tight as possible with a roofing system equal to or exceeding R-60 in insulation value for the thermal mass heating system to work efficiently in all seasons and climates. The outer layer of windows will consist of both operable and inoperable windows for air flow through the structure. There will be one internal layer of windows separating the conditioned space from the outer greenhouse area. This method of construction will enable the structure to “stabilize” the interior environment (both temperature and humidity) no matter what the outside conditions are. There are many research opportunities here.
An insulated, hot water storage tank will store hot water produced from a solar collector located on the south side of the structure. A high efficiency, tank-less gas fired water heater will be installed to ensure that an optimum tank temperature of 140° F will be maintained and can be used during the coldest, cloud-covered days of the year. A recirculation loop and DC pump will be installed to ensure hot water is available at each point of use with minimum waste. All hot water pipes will be insulated and sealed to reduce heat loss.
In order to be as sustainable as possible, water-less composting toilets and water-less urinals will be used as opposed to the water consuming flush type. Composting toilets have been in use for quite some time with no negative publicity and there are many reasons why we should be composting human waste with the number one reason being that a properly operated aerobic compost pile safely kills all of the harmful pathogens. The compost produced from the composting toilets will be added to the outdoor compost unit and later incorporated back into the soil of the outdoor landscaping. All food waste and other compostable materials will be composted and all recyclable materials will be recycled reducing solid waste to a minimum.