Nietzsche (1844-1900) Bio:
|Friedrich Nietzsche ,born near Leipzig in 1844|
|Son of Lutheran clergyman|
|Attend Pforta School, then University at Boon and at Leipzig.|
|Studied philology and classical philosophy, and read Schopenhauer.|
|At 24, became chair of classical philology at Basle University (till retired in 1879)|
|Writings include (dates of when he wrote
|Became insane in 1889 and remained in mental and physical paralysis until his death in 1900.|
Nietzsche quotes that seem to infect my own writing projects:
About WILL TO POWER. I use Will to Power as an area in my leadership course To Nietzsche his Dionysian chaos world is “a monster of energy, without beginning, without end,” and boundaries between perspectives are blurry, “a sea of forces flowing and rushing together, eternally changing, eternally flooding back, with tremendous years of recurrence” (WTP, section 1067: p. 550). It’s self-creating and self-destroying that is “‘beyond good an evil’ without goal, unless the joy of the circle is itself a goal… This world is the will to power – and nothing besides!” (WTP 1967: p. 550). Empire is not bringing about some fundamentalist moral fulfillment of God’s plan on earth; it is just more will to power. Nietzsche foresaw a new epoch, and wrote his history of the future; I think we are still living out the struggle to overcome Neo-Liberal global capitalism (i.e. Empire) and bring about a different will, a will-to-serve that can oppose the egoistic and predatory will-to-power. But this is no epoch-shift; it is not a linear narrative of era-succession; will-to-power will keep dredging up more fascist leaders, more "postmodern wars" such as Gulf War I and Gulf War II, and more waves of predatory capitalism. Yet, there is a worldwide peace movement and a worldwide movement to counter sweatshop Wal-Martization of the world. That future is not yet.
About Nike, goddess of victory: "One who cannot leave himself behind on the threshold of the moment and forget the past, who cannot stand on a single point, like a goddess of victory, without fear or giddiness, will never know what happiness is; and, worse still, will never do anything to make others happy" (From Thoughts Out of Season, Volume II (#1)).
Relation of Nietzsche to Festivalism Project: In answer to question, why do you write of food, locality, drink and other quite trivial matters instead of a more rigorous philosophy? "To this I reply that these trivial matters--diet, locality, climate, and one's mode of recreation, the whole casuistry of self-love--are inconceivable more important than all that which has hitherto been held in high esteem. It is precisely in this quarter that we might begin to learn afresh. All those things which mankind has valued with such earnestness heretofore are not even real; they are mere creations of fancy, or more strictly speaking, lies born of the evil instincts of diseased and, in the deepest sense, noxious natures--all the concepts, "God," "soul," "virtue," "sin," "Beyond," "truth," "eternal life." . . . But the greatness of human nature, its "divinity," was sought for in them. ... All questions of politics, of social order, of education, have been falsified, root and branch, owing to the fact that the most noxious men have been taken for great men, and that people were taught to despise the small things, or rather the fundamental things, of life" (From Why I Am So Clever  in Ecce Homo, 1888: pp. 66-67).
On Workaholism (Are we over motivated?) - "After the choice of nutrition, the choice of climate and locality, the third matter concerning which one must not on any account make a blunder, is the choice of the manner in which one recuperates one's strength, Here, again, according to the extent to which a spirit is sui generis, the limits of that which he can allow himself --in other words, the limits of that which is beneficial to him--become more and more confined (From Why I Am So Clever [#3] in Ecce Homo, 1888: pp. 56).
Chaos - "The total character of the world, however, is in all eternity chaos - in the sense not of a lack of necessity but of a lack of order, arrangement, form, beauty, wisdom, and whatever other names there are for our aesthetic anthropomorphisms. Judged from the point of view of our reason, unsuccessful attempts are by all odds the rule, the exceptions are not the secret aim, and the whole musical box repeats eternally its tune [allusion to Nietzsche theory of eternal recurrence] which may never be called a melody - and ultimately even the phrase 'unsuccessful attempt' is too anthropomorphic and reproachful... Whoever looks into himself as into vast space and carries galaxies in himself, also knows how irregular all galaxies are; they lead into the chaos and labyrinth of existence (From The gay Science, 1882: #109, p. 168; #322, p. 254-5).
Chaos - "One must still have chaos in oneself to give birth to a dancing star" (The Portable Nietzsche by Kaufmann, 129).
Chaos - beyond the mechanistic concept of world to one of infinite recurrence - "This world: a monster of energy, without beginning, without end; a firm, iron magnitude of force that does not grow bigger or smaller, that does not expend itself but only transforms itself; as a whole, of unalterable size, a household without expenses, or losses, but likewise without increase or income; enclosed by 'nothingness' as by a boundary; not something blurry or wasted, not something endlessly extended, but set in a definite space as a definite force, and not a space that might be 'empty' here or there, but rather as force throughout, as a play of forces and waves of forces, at the same time one and many, increasing here and at the same time decreasing there; a some of forces flowing and rushing together, eternally changing, eternally flooding back, with tremendous years of recurrence, with an ebb and a flood of its forms; out of the stillest, most rigid, coldest forms toward the hottest, most turbulent, most self-contradictory, and then again returning home to the simple out of this abundance, out of the play of contradictions back to the joy of concord, still affirming itself in this uniformity of its course and its years, blessing itself as that which must return eternally, as a becoming that knows no satiety, no disgust, no weariness: this, my Dionysian world of the eternally self-creating, the eternally self-destroying, this mystery world of the twofold voluptuous delight, my 'beyond good and evil,' without goal, unless the joy of the circle is itself a goal; without will, unless a ring feels good will toward itself--do you want a name for this world? A solution for all its riddles? A light for you, too, you best-concealed, strongest, most intrepid, most midnightly men? -- This world is the will to power --and nothing besides! (From Will to Power, #1067, p. 550).
About the book Beyond Good and Evil: "This book (1886) is in all essentials a critique of modernity, the modern sciences, the modern arts, not even excluding modern politics, together with signposts to an antithetical type who is as little modern as possible, a noble, an affirmative type..." (From Ecce Homo, 1888: pp. 112).
Anti-Darwin - "As regards the celebrate 'struggle for life', it seems to me for the present to have been rather asserted than proved. It does occur, but as the exception; the general aspect of life is not hunger and distress, but rather wealth, luxury, even absurd prodigality - were there is a struggle it is a struggle for power. . . . Once should not mistake Malthus for nature" (From Twilight of the Idols, 1888: #17, pp. 86-87).
"Man has humanized the world: that is all. But there is nothing, absolutely nothing to guarantee to us that man constitutes the model for the beautiful" (From Twilight of the Idols, 1888: #18, p. 89).
"Affirmation of life even in its strangest and sternest problems, the will to life rejoicing in its own inexhaustibility through the sacrifice of it s highest types - that is what I called Dionysian, that is what I recognized as the bridge to the psychology of the tragic poet (From Twilight of the Idols, 1888: #5, pp. 86-87).
Boje PAPERS and BOOKS inspired, in part by, Nietzsche
Boje, D. M. 2001 "Nike Superman, Gladiators, and Life Below the Coliseum for Superwomen." January 1, 2001 paper for presentation to the International Relations Research Association. January 5-7, 2000. IRRA sessions are in Fairmont Hotel in New Orleans. Session S19 "The Anti-Sweatshop Movement and Corporate Codes of Conduct" session is Friday January 5th. 10:15 a.m. - 12:15p.m.
Boje, D. M. (2001) Narrative Methods for Organization and
Communication Research. London: Sage. New Book that contains several
analyses on, (Nietzche) Causality analysis, Nike and
Athletic Apparel narratives, and the concept of
(on line book intro chapter)
Sage for U.S. pricing. See BOOK REVIEWS and paperback at Amazon.com or Euro order (Sage London).
Boje, D. M. (2001). Spectacles and
Festivals of Organization: Managing Ahimsa Production and Consumption.
To be published by Hampton Press (San Francisco), 2001 (To access book
draft, please use ID=aggie359 PASS=adventure). http://salsa.nmsu.edu/dboje1/000_BookTABLEofContents.html
See chapter on Evolution for Nietzsche relevance.
READ THESE Nietzsche
Books on WWW:
On the Use and Abuse of History for Life (1873) - Source Pirate Nietzsche Page
The Gay Science (1882) - Source Pirate Nietzsche Page
Thus Spake Zarathustra (1883-5) OR try THUS SPAKE ZARATHUSTRA 1891 (Study Guide)
Beyond Good and Evil (1886) - Source Pirate Nietzsche Page
Twilight of the Idols (1888) - Source Pirate Nietzsche Page
The Anti-Christ (1888) - Source Pirate Nietzsche Page
Ecce Homo (1889) - Source Pirate Nietzsche Page
The Will to Power: Book I: Nihilism | Book III: Principles of a New Evaluation - Source Pirate Nietzsche Page
EXPLORE Nietzsche web pages
|Eberhard Arnold, a German theologian of the early 20th century, did his doctoral thesis in philosophy on Friedrich Nietzsche, called "Early-Christian And Antichristian Elements In Friedrich Nietzsche's Development"This thesis is a 60+ page PDF. Click: Bruderhof Museum: Eberhard Arnold on Nietzsche|
|Interesting visual and brief quote|
|Chronology - time line with photos|
|Info Village Nietzsche page of LINKS|
|Source Pirate Nietzsche Page|
|Nietzshe page. -Yoldaslar arar yaratici ve hasat arkadaslari Excellent Nietzche links and commentary|
|Nietzsche and Society ARTICLE by by John A. Muraski Jr.|
|The Nietzsche Center|
page of USC has good texts available:
|Nietzsche and 21st Century|
|Existentialism and Friedrich Nietzsche ARTICLE by Katharena Eiermann,|
Recommended Sites for Managing Scholars
See TAMARA: Journal of Critical Postmodern Organization