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NOTES

1. 1 It is customary to cite Debord (1967) with the section number of his manuscript.

2. 2 Comments from Robin Clair in her presentation to the critical postmodern stream of the June, 1999 Organization Behavior Teaching Conference, Las Cruces, New Mexico.

3. 3 New Republic, vol. 19, June, 1919: 241, as cited in Miller (1922: 160).

 

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This paper proceeds From Title/Abstract  through 7 steps: (1) briefly reviewing the current empowerment-disempowerment debate; (2) contextualizing Mary Parker Follett's work with a review of the democratic workplace movements of Marxist socialism, trade unionism, guilds, cooperatives, and non-union workers' councils; (3) discussing Follett's theory of co-active power circularity, with its roots in Hegel's and Dewey's philosophy; (4) summarizing Clegg's circuits of power theory; (5) combining Follett's power-as-capacity concept with Clegg's circuits of power in an assimilative reading we term "co-power," which can move us beyond today's empowerment-disempowerment duality; (6) drawing implications for organizational development and change practices regarding co-power as a way of linking micro and macro issues; and (7) offering conclusions regarding co-power as a way of increasing the effectiveness of organizational change efforts. (And References).