Web Paper Title: "Myers Briggs, XYZ Leadership, and Team Roles" by David M. Boje, Ph.D. January 21, 2001- ã David Boje, Inside the Leadership Box
January 21, 2001
STEP 4: How does your M-B type relate to the X, Y & Z Leader Dimensions (16 types)?
This is what I call the "Leadership Box." It is full of primary leaderly masks (and there are 8 secondary masks). If you are an ST, decide your primary mask, look up the subtype that applies to you, right now, and then go directly to Step 5 .
Tables Five and Six present the primary archetype mask (the 8 main leader types) and the secondary masks (8 additional types) in the Right Hand Columns. Then there is the more distant pair of masks, followed by the type of leader that will drive you crazy in that row. Note: different commentators and analysts position the same leader in different types. For example. President Bush, pre-11 is seen by most as the example of a bureaucrat (ISTJ), the ST MBA who shies away from the podium, and is therefore IST. Most say in pre-11 Bush is ISTJ. J is for planned, orderly and systematic, which pre- and post-11, Bush still exhibits that. Yet in post-11, the U.S. looked for its FDR (ENTJ), and Bush has been recast in that role. The speeches are more about God and country, and more inspiring, observers say. The point is that the spectators can dictate the type that the leader must accommodate according to the situation. This could be play-acting. We know, for example, that former President Reagan read from cue cards prepared by his staff; always the actor. There is in leadership, and in these roles a certain amount of theatrics, and masks are selected by some leaders for the situation. Others are less flexible. Bush is considered almost the opposite of his pre-election, pre-11 rival Al Gore, an INTP. The point again is that spectators perceive they need a particular leaderly type to meet the demands of a particular situation. And sometimes the situations are manufactured to fit the leader; other times the leader must be restoried and rescripted to fit a new and different situation. And if this hypothesis is true, then the whole idea of universal personality traits goes the way of modernity, and makes way for the flexible identities and multiplicities of the postmodern adventure.
Figure 1c: XYZ Mod and Postmodern Leader Priorities
Figure 1D- Premodern versus Postmodern Leadership Priorities
Figure1C plots the modern (bottom sign) and postmodern (top sign) correlates (Click here for larger size). Figure 1D highlights premodern (bottom) and postmodern (top) correlates (Click here for larger size).
Table 5: Situational Fit to Organization Forms
X TRANS Y WILL Z VOICE ORG FORM PRIMARY MASK Archetype A Archetype B Trans- actional Will to Serve Mono BUREAUCRACY (Weber) BUREAUCRAT
Chief Decider ESTJ Inspector ISTJ Trans- formational Will to Power Mono NIETZSCHEAN SUPERMAN/ SUPERWOMAN
Guardian/ Lone Ranger
Guardian ESFJ Lone Ranger ISFJ Trans- actional Will to Power Mono FEUDAL (Weber) PRINCE
Valiant/ Engineer/ Model Builder
Valiant ENTJ Engineer ENTP Trans- actional Will to Serve Poly GOVERNMENT (Burns) POLITICIAN Mastermind/ Architect
Mastermind INTJ Architect INTP Trans- actional Will to Power Poly NETWORK/ POSTMODERN OPINION
Promoter ESTP Sculptor ISTP
Trans- formational Will to Serve Poly MOVEMENT (Burns) REFORMER
Rebel/ Early Adopter
Rebel ESFP Early Adopter ISFP Trans- formational Will to Serve Mono QUEST/ RELIGIOUS (Weber) HERO
Charisma ENFJ Crusader ENFP Trans- formational Will to Power Poly CHAOS & COMPLEXITY REVOLUTIONARY
World Caregiver/ Change Agent
World Caregiver INFJ Change Agent INFP
ã David Boje, Inside the Leadership Box
Next we look at examples of each of the 16 leader archetypes (see 2nd and 3rd columns). The right hand columns predict compatible and opposite types to you.
Table 6: Crossing Leader Types with Opposite M-B Types
PRIMARY Leader Modality Archetype A Archetype B Compatible Archetypes Opposite SHADOW Archetypes
CHIEF DECIDER ESTJ, Harry S. Truman, Bette Davis, John D. Rockefeller, Lyndon B. Johnson,
James Monroe, Colin Powell
INSPECTOR ISTJ, Scottie of Star Trek, George H. W. Bush Senior and Jr. (both are considered bureaucrats; in post-11 Bush is recast as extravert and even compared to FDR, an ENTJ - time will tell),
Dwight D. Eisenhower (Some put Truman here)
REVOLUTIONARY INFJ, INFP
VALIANT ENTJ, Franklin D. Roosevelt, though some say he is ESTP
INFJ, INFP, Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
OPINION ESTP, ISTP
ISFJ, Mother Teresa of Calcutta, Robert E. Lee; Princess (of Wales) Diana - Quiet, friendly, responsible and conscientious. Committed and steady in meeting their obligations. Thorough and painstaking, loyal and considerate who is concerned with how others feel.
ESFP, Mr. McCoy
ISFP, Ulysses S. Grant
POLITICIAN INTJ, INTP
MASTERMIND INTJ, JFK (though some say JFK is ESTP, Spock of Star Trek, R2D2, Susan B. Anthony, suffragist, Augustus Caesar (Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus), Emperor of Rome,
Hannibal, Carthaginian military leader, Thomas Jefferson,
Gore Jr. Gore is an INTP. He is what Keirsey calls "The Architect." Source; Ted Turner, Einstein, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and Abraham Lincoln were all INTPs, according to Keirsey; and Sir Isaac Newton
ENTJ, Marcus Tullius Cicero, Roman statesman; Elizabeth I, Queen of England
SUPER MAN/ WOMAN ESFJ, ISFJ
PROMOTER ESTP President George W. Bush in post-11 (before 11, Bush was considered ISTJ a bureaucrat; post-11 Bush has many speech writers to reframe that image), Madonna, Teddy Roosevelt Henry VIII are charismatic, promoter/ entertainer & postmodern culture icon.; ESTP
Expressive/ Observant/ Tough-Minded/ Probing& can be "charismatic political leaders," Source
ISTJ, ESTJ HERO ENFJ, ENFP
ESFP, Elvis Presley (King of Rock and Roll), Mr. McCoy, Hans Solo, Warren G. Harding, & Kathy Lee Gifford (Sweatshop Reform).
Jackie Onasis, brought new vitality to White House ISFP
ESFP, ESFJ PRINCE ENTJ, ENTP
INFJ, Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King, Jr., James Earl "Jimmy" Carter
ENFP, ENTJ BUREAUCRAT ESTJ, ISTJ
Caution: Two qualifying points: First, different famous people sites do not agree completely on which type a particular person is. Second, this could be because people have more than one persona or mask, or just sloppy method work. I lean more towards the multiplicity thesis. For a different non-trait oriented presentation, that does not pigeon hole leaders into any one category, see Boje on Existential Leadership In any case, the point here is that you have many archetypes and these change over time, and you can muster up one you need if you have the determination, training, and mental faculty.
Proceed to Step 5 Team Roles